Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Uranoscopoidei
(Sand dwellers) > Ammodytidae
Etymology: Protammodytes: Greek, pro = first, in front of + Greek, ammos = sand + Greek, dytes = that likes diving (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Robins & Böhlke.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 187 - m (Ref. 58018), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Central Atlantic: St. Vincent, Lesser Antilles,
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39393)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ida, H., P. Sirimontaporn and S. Monkolprasit, 1994. Comparative morphology of the fishes of the Family Ammodytidae, with a description of two new genera and two new species. Zool. Stud. 33(4):251-277. (Ref. 39393)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .