Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Pentanchidae
Etymology: Apristurus: Greek, a = without + Greek, pristis = saw + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 200 - 1000 m (Ref. 41248). Deep-water
Northwest Pacific: East China Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 83.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 101563)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Body stout. Snout length in front of mouth about 1.2 times the distance between nostrils. Long anal fin, rear tip nearly reaching origin of lower caudal lobe. Greater distance between origins of pectoral and pelvic than the distance of tip of snout to origin of pectoral fin; but shorter compared to that from tip of snout to end of pectoral base. Similar to A. japonicus but differs in having distance between orbits about the length of snout in front of mouth; length of nostril about 1/2 distance between nostrils; the upper and lower labials about equal in length (Ref. 41248).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
Nakaya, K. and K. Sato, 1999. Species grouping within the genus Apristurus (Elasmobranchii: Scyliorhinidae). p. 307-320 In Séret B. & J.-Y. Sire [eds]. Proc. 5th Indo-Pac. Fish Conf., Noumea, 1997. (Ref. 39431)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.8 - 15, mean 10.1 °C (based on 48 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00275 (0.00157 - 0.00484), b=3.08 (2.92 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec assumed to be <10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .