Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acropomatiformes
(Oceanic basses) > Pempheridae
Etymology: Parapriacanthus: Greek, para = near + Greek, prion = saw + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335). More on author: Steindachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 30 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 32°N - 18°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334)
soft rays: 19 - 23. This species is distinguished by the following characters: preanal pin-like mark,; A 19-23; pectoral rays modally 16: gill rakers modally 26; body depth 2.9-3.3 in SL, head length 2.9-3.1 in SL, eye diameter 6.6-7.4 in SL, predorsal length 2.3-2.4 in SL, pectoral-fin length of 3.3-3.45 in SL; fresh specimen with gold and green colour of the iris and with horizontal blackish streak beginning dorsally on the opercle and disappearing below the posterior end of the dorsal fin (Ref. 107896).
Found in coastal and offshore reefs (Ref., 90102). This species forms large groups in caves under ledges or beneath overhangs in reef (under Acropora plate corals) . Individuals forage at night, on zooplankton (mainly crustacean larvae and polychaetes (Ref. 43239, 90102, 107896).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. & Bogorodsky, S.V., 2016. Preliminary review of the pempherid fish genus Parapriacanthus of the western Indian Ocean, with descriptions of five new species. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 20:1-24. (Ref. 107896)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.4 - 27.1, mean 22.3 °C (based on 605 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00654 - 0.03667), b=3.00 (2.79 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 104 [59, 177] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.96 [0.61, 1.63] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [17.6, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.165 [0.094, 0.282] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.5 [11.2, 45.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 127 [41, 393] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.37 [0.90, 2.11] mg/100g (wet weight);