Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 18 - 52 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Pacific: Papua New Guinea and Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Solitary or in small groups. Found in lagoon patch reefs in 18-52 m (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Gon, O. and G.R. Allen, 1998. A new luminous cardinalfish of the genus Apogon (Perciformes: Apogonidae) from the western Pacific Ocean. Spec. Publ. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. 62:9p. (Ref. 37613)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.7 - 28.3, mean 28.1 °C (based on 5 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00690 - 0.03171), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .