Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range ? - 20 m (Ref. 35849). Tropical; 19°N - 12°S
Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka and from Taiwan to Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Records from eastern Australia needs confirmation (Ref. 47581).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47581); common length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47581)
Found over sandy or muddy bottoms of coastal inshore waters (Ref. 35849, 47581). Feeds mainly on small fishes, crustaceans and polychaetes (Ref. 3424). Forms schools (Ref. 47581). Larger specimens marketed fresh or dried-salted but most of the catch made into fishmeal or discarded (Ref. 47581).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kimura, S., T. Yamashita and Y. Iwatsuki, 2000. A new species, Gazza rhombea, from the Indo-West Pacific, with a redescription of G. achlamys Jordan & Starks, 1917 (Perciformes: Leiognathidae). Ichthyol. Res. 47(1):1-12. (Ref. 35849)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 28.1 - 29.3, mean 28.8 °C (based on 1556 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01862 (0.00830 - 0.04177), b=2.97 (2.78 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.56 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 133 [60, 285] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.03 [0.54, 2.42] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.3, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.312 [0.138, 0.730] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.8 [9.5, 74.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 79.5 [17.7, 356.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.82 [1.08, 3.12] mg/100g (wet weight);