Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 40 - 70 m (Ref. 37816). Tropical; 24°N - 21°S
Indo-West Pacific: off Kosi Bay in South Africa (Ref. 11228) eastward to the Solomon Islands, north to the Philippines, Palau, and the Marshall Islands (Ref. 33390).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5591); common length : 16.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37816)
soft rays: 12;
Vertebrae: 24. Body pale olive-grey, darker above, belly pale blue; bluish violet band joining eyes across front of snout; lips and cheeks blue; upper 1/3 of pectoral fins bluish white, remainder pale yellow (Ref. 5591). This rare species has the deepest body in the genus and a thicker tail than H. cuniculus and H. starcki (Ref. 37816).
Inhabits sandy areas at bases of reefs (Ref. 9710). A rare species that schools above huge mounds of rubble that it apparently builds (up to 5.5 m long x 3 m wide over 1 m high). Solitary or in pairs (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Displays obligate monogamy where a one-to-one pair is established irrespective of resource abundance (Ref. 52884).
Randall, J.E. and J.K. Dooley, 1974. Revision of the Indo-Pacific branchiostegid fish genus Hoplolatilus, with descriptions of two new species. Copeia 1974(2):457-471. (Ref. 9870)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26 - 28.4, mean 27.4 °C (based on 253 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00390 - 0.01696), b=3.11 (2.92 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .