Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: perlita: Name from Latin word 'perlitus' meaning smeared or bedaubed; referring to the large, dark, diffuse cluster of chromatophores on the caudal peduncle (Ref. 69383). More on authors: Fraser & Lachner.
This species is placed in the genus Apogon in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. May 2011: Ref. 86870).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 12 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 19°N - 9°S
Indo-West Pacific: Andaman Sea to Papua New Guinea and Palau south to Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Coastal, often silty reefs or shallow lagoons, forming schools just above branching corals (Ref. 48635).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 28.4 - 29.3, mean 28.8 °C (based on 1001 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00726 - 0.03306), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 226 [117, 451] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.08 [0.65, 2.11] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [18, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.182 [0.096, 0.342] g/100g ; Selenium = 21.9 [9.7, 47.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 91.6 [26.8, 329.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.82 [1.15, 2.88] mg/100g (wet weight);