Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Apteronotidae
(Ghost knifefishes) > Apteronotinae
Etymology: Sternarchorhynchus: Greek, sternon = sternon, + Greek, archos = anus + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335); britskii: Named after Heraldo A. Britski, who first noted the presence of this species in the upper Parana system (Ref. 36352)
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
South America: Parana River basin.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36886)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 166 - 178;
Vertebrae: 80 - 90. Distinguished by its congeners by the following combination of features: length from the tip of the snout to the posterior end of the anal-fin base 92.4-94.4 %TL; mouth length 5.9-7.3 %HL; distance between anterior and posterior nares 2.6-3.1 %HL; eye diameter 3.1-4.1 %HL; postocular distance 40.0-44.4 %HL; pectoral fin length 35.5-41.3 %HL; scales always present above lateral line along anterodorsal region of body; unbranched anterior anal-fin rays 18-22; a white to yellowish white (sometimes indistinct) band on frontal portion of head and middorsum; and pectoral and anal fins hyaline to translucent, without dark distal margins; small ellipsoid caudal fin with 13-15 rays (Ref. 36352).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
de Santana, C. D. and R.P. Vari, 2010. Electric fishes of the genus Sternarchorhynchus (Teleostei, Ostariophysi, Gymnotiformes); phylogenetic and revisionary studies. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 159:223-371. (Ref. 84053)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00355 (0.00145 - 0.00871), b=3.06 (2.85 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .