Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Orthochromis: Greek, ortho = straight + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 25°C - 26°C
Africa: rapids at the exit of Pool Malebo (Ref. 26626), and the Lindi (Ref. 26626, 106290), Wagenia Falls (Ref. 26626, 106245), Lualaba basin and Lake Mweru (Ref. 26626), in Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42183)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Rheophilic; mainly feeds on algae and aufwuchs, animal matter is rarely taken; polygamous, ovophilic, maternal mouthbrooder (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Greenwood, H.P. and S.O. Kullander, 1994. A taxonomic review and redescription of Tilapia polyacanthus and T. stormsi (Teleostei: Cichlidae), with descriptions of two new Schwetzochromis species from the Upper Zaire River drainage. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 5(2):161-180. (Ref. 26626)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.00737 - 0.03914), b=3.01 (2.81 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .