Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Linophrynidae
Etymology: Linophryne: Greek, 'linon' = flax or anything made of flax such as "cord," "rope," or a "net" + Greek, 'phryne' = "toad" (refers to a toadlike fish that fishes with a net) (Ref. 86949). More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; non-migratory; depth range 1055 - 1295 m (Ref. 86949). Deep-water
Eastern Central Atlantic: off Madeira.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44404)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 3. Metamorphosed females distinguished by the following characteristics: escal bulb lacking distal prolongation; 2 distal filaments and a series of 5-8 branched filaments on each side; absence of anterior and posterior escal appendages; barbel divided at base into tiny filaments and single distal photophore; caudal peduncle with concentration of subdermal melanophores (Ref. 86949).
Only 1 female known. Males unknown (Ref. 13578).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertelsen, E., 1986. Linophrynidae. p. 1408-1414. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.C. Hureau, J. Nielsen, and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris, Vol. 3. (Ref. 13578)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.4 - 2.9, mean 2.7 °C (based on 344 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .