Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335). More on author: Walbaum.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 15 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 32°N - 12°S, 99°E - 172°E
Western Pacific: Philippines to New Guinea, north to the Yaeyama Islands, south to Flores, Indonesia. Palau in Micronesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 34765)
Found in coral-rich lagoon and inner channel reefs to at least 15 m depth (Ref. 34765); in mixed coral and algae habitats (Ref. 48636). May be found solitary or in pairs (Ref. 90102). Feeds on small benthic invertebrates.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Myers, R.F., 1999. Micronesian reef fishes. A comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 216 p. (Ref. 34765)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.4 - 29.3, mean 28.8 °C (based on 1695 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00469 - 0.02134), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 102 [61, 211] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.8 [0.5, 1.3] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [15.8, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.167 [0.104, 0.265] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.9 [16.1, 50.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 122 [41, 386] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.85 [1.26, 3.27] mg/100g (wet weight);