Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Gymnelinae
Etymology: Gymnelus: Gymnelus, derived from Greek, gymn?los (Latinized Greek) = poor, needy (akin to Greek gymnos for destitute (E. Spencer, pers.comm. 09/13).; andersoni: Named for M.E. Anderson (Ref. 60485). More on author: Chernova.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 27 - 300 m (Ref. 30485), usually 52 - 300 m (Ref. 30485). Deep-water
Arctic: Spitsbergen (Sturfjord at 108-121 m); north, central and eastern parts of the Barents Sea (91-300m); off Nova Zemlya and in the Kara Sea; in the Shokalskii Straight and western part of the Laptev Sea (27-196 m).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30485); 13.2 cm TL (female)
Prefers silty sand bottom. Adults found at depths of (27) 52-300 m; juveniles at shallow depths. Usually at temperatures below -1.0°C and in one case, in the Barents Sea at 280 m, under +1.0°C and salinity of catch locations often not less than 34 ppt.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chernova, N.V., 1998. A new species Gymnelus andersoni sp. nova, from the Arctic Seas with refinement of the species status of G. retrodorsalis Le Danois and G. paciporus Anderson (Fam. Zoarcidae). J. Ichthyol. 38(2):708-715. (Ref. 30485)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .