Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Hologymnosus: Greek, holos = full + Greek, gymnos = naked (Ref. 45335). More on author: Lacepède.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 8 - 40 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 25°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 32°N - 28°S
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and South Africa (Ref. 11228) to the Society and Pitcairn islands, north to southern Japan, south to southeastern Australia and Rapa Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334); common length : 34.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450)
soft rays: 12. Two-color forms: the 'true' species in the Indian Ocean and Red Sea and its sibling in the Pacific regions. Females look almost black; males mainly greenish with blue face, of which Indian form shows a white band central to the body, whilst the Pacific form a pale peduncular area when in nuptial mode (Ref. 48636). Juvenile H. annulatus very closely resemble juvenile Malacanthus latovittatus (Ref.1602). Poorly developed pharyngeal teeth (Ref. 1602).
Found on coral reefs and rocky substrates to depths of at least 30 m (Ref. 9823) on offshore reef slopes (Ref. 90102). Juveniles generally solitary (Ref. 9710). Feeds primarily on small fishes, also on crustaceans (Ref. 2334).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29.1, mean 28 °C (based on 602 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00475 - 0.02106), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 40.5 [23.2, 72.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.601 [0.338, 1.016] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.0, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.163 [0.101, 0.248] g/100g ; Selenium = 34.9 [19.6, 63.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 184 [65, 567] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.1 [0.7, 2.0] mg/100g (wet weight);