Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Ophidiinae
Etymology: Ophidion: Diminutive of Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335); saldanhai: Named in honor of the Portuguese ichthyologist Luis Saldanha (Ref. 34017).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 31 - 37 m (Ref. 34017). Tropical
Eastern Central Atlantic: known only from Cape Verde and the Gulf of Guinea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 34017)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 105 - 106. Color of fresh holotype: Pale pink, with a silver to golden stripe all along middle body, and a more silvery area a the preopercular region, behind and under the eye. The dorsal portion of the head (snout and nape) and of the body was slightly darker. Belly pigmentation whitish. The margins of the dorsal and anal fins were edged in white; blackish subterminal stripe, darker at the rear of the fins. Black pupil and iris reddish to silvery, with a black blotch at the dorsal portion (Ref. 34017).
Reproductive strategy possibly similar to other members of this family featuring oviparity, with oval pelagic eggs floating in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Matallanas, J. and A. Brito, 1999. Description of Ophidion saldanhai sp. nov. from the Cabo Verde Islands. J. Fish Biol. 55(5):931-936. (Ref. 34017)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 16.6 - 27, mean 19.5 (based on 25 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .