Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Schultz.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 6 - 35 m (Ref. 90102), usually 7 - 35 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 25°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 32°N - 24°S
Western Pacific: Philippines to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Rowley Shoals and the southern Great Barrier Reef.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Found in small groups (Ref. 90102) in seaward reefs to at least 35 m depth, usually in areas of mixed coral and reef rock with sand patches (Ref. 9710). Also in reef crests and slopes on rocky or rubble-algae substrates (Ref. 48636).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 25.6 - 28.9, mean 27.7 °C (based on 426 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00471 - 0.02125), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 108 [64, 227] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.831 [0.491, 1.409] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [15.8, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.167 [0.103, 0.267] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.6 [15.7, 50.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 119 [40, 381] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.92 [1.30, 3.38] mg/100g (wet weight);