Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Coris: Greek, kore, -es = pupil and also with themenaing of "maid" (Ref. 45335). More on author: Lacepède.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 30 m (Ref. 1602), usually 2 - 30 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 30°N - 30°S
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 4392) to the Line and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe and Rapa islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5213)
soft rays: 12. Caudal fin slightly rounded in females, truncate and with filamentous rays in large males; pelvic fins of males very long. Large males also become uniformly dark-green and develop a gibbus forehead and an elongate first dorsal spine (Ref. 1602). Juveniles distinct with the false eyes, shaded by orange (Ref. 48636).
Occurs in the vicinity of sand or rubble patches of exposed outer reef flats, lagoon reefs, and seaward reefs (Ref. 1602), often in semi-exposed surge zones (Ref. 48636). Adults solitary. Juveniles common in shallow tide pools (Ref. 30573). Feeds mainly on hard-shelled invertebrates including crustaceans, mollusks and sea urchins (Ref. 9823). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 27115. Randall (1999, Ref. 33411) question identity of specimens exceeding 70 cm.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 1999. Revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fishes of the genus Coris, with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (29):74 p. (Ref. 33411)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.6 - 29, mean 27.5 °C (based on 892 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00467 - 0.01416), b=3.12 (2.97 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.53 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (72 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 17.6 [2.1, 48.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.377 [0.209, 0.675] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [16, 21] % ; Omega3 = 0.109 [0.054, 0.219] g/100g ; Selenium = 45.4 [18.3, 124.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 71.3 [23.2, 223.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.34 [0.60, 2.41] mg/100g (wet weight);