Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 18 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 30°N - 24°S
Indo-West Pacific: India to Vanuatu, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia; Palau (Belau) in Micronesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636)
soft rays: 9. This species is distinguished by the following features: 6 median predorsal scales; 3 scale rows on cheek 1(5), 2(5-6), 3(2); lips largely covering the dental plates; caudal fin is truncate to slightly rounded. Colour overall is green to purplish or bluish, sometimes a pink patch on pectoral region, often with lime-green saddle on upper caudal-fin base, a dark green 'moustache' and pale green patch on cheek (Ref. 90102).
Inhabits coral-rich areas of outer channels and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Occurs singly or in small groups (Ref. 9710) over intertidal flats to graze on algae during high water mark (Ref. 48636).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 2738 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00874 - 0.03010), b=3.11 (2.94 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 46.1 [26.9, 81.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.786 [0.486, 1.215] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [16.2, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.0639 [, ] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.5 [11.7, 39.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 22.6 [6.6, 79.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.49 [1.70, 3.58] mg/100g (wet weight);