Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Scarinae
Etymology: Scarus: Greek, skaros = a fish described by anciente writers as a parrot fish; 1601 (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 30 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical
Western Pacific: Ryukyu, Sulawesi, Palau (Belau), and Marshall Islands. Also found in Indonesia (Ref. 8631).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 54.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
soft rays: 9. Large primary phase individuals have a distinctive red coloration and lunate caudal fin (Ref. 1602). Females recognized by the red-outlined scales and males by their somewhat elongated snout (Ref. 48636). Median predorsal scales 6;
Uncommon inhabitant of clear lagoon and seaward reefs, usually seen along drop-offs (Ref. 9710). Solitary.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.5 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 2606 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00671 - 0.03113), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 31.7 [20.8, 50.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.748 [0.515, 1.079] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.7, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.088 [0.061, 0.126] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.8 [13.5, 32.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 22 [7, 69] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.14 [1.57, 2.83] mg/100g (wet weight);