Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Leuciscus: Greek, leykiskos = white mullet (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Asia: Junggar basin in Xinjiang, China.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 33783)
Body color dark gray on back sides, silvery white on lower part and belly; dark gray on dorsal and caudal fins and yellow on pectoral, pelvic and anal fins. Dorsal fin located slightly in rear on body; pectoral and pelvic fins short and small.
Lives in upper layer of waters of the plains of cold temperate zone. Often stays in slow-moving rivers, lakes or still waters, moves fast and sprightly (Ref. 45563). Feeds on siliceous algae, filiform algae and aquatic insects (Ref. 45563).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Zhang, W., 1998. China's biodiversity: a country study. China Environmental Science Press, Beijing. 476 p. (Ref. 33508)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00292 - 0.01429), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.20 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .