Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Serrasalmidae
(Piranhas and pacus) > Colossomatinae
Etymology: Piaractus: Greek, piar = fat, the side with grease of a body + Greek, aktos , ago = to carry.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 15°S - 38°S, 66°W - 42°W
South America: Paraguay-Paraná River basin.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39031); max. published weight: 20.0 kg (Ref. 32894)
Dark grey to silver dorsally and laterally and white ventrally with a yellow breast.
Invades the flooded forests to feed on nuts and seeds which fall from trees (Ref. 32894). Reaches around 50.0 cm SL (Ref. 81048).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Assuming standard characid reproduction. Replace ASAP.
Lovshin, L.L., 1995. The colossomids. p. 153-159. In C.E. Nash and A.J. Novotny (eds.) World animal science: production of aquatic animals: fishes. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. (Ref. 32894)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00839 - 0.04746), b=3.05 (2.84 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 91.4 [30.6, 256.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.46 [1.32, 5.07] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.4, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.378 [0.169, 0.887] g/100g ; Selenium = 31.2 [12.5, 83.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 5.16 [1.38, 20.54] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.36 [0.86, 2.08] mg/100g (wet weight);