Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Pomadasys: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, dasys = with hair (Ref. 45335). More on author: Day.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 50 m (Ref. 97537). Tropical; 26°N - 35°S, 14°E - 101°E
Southeast Atlantic: north of Swakopmund, Namibia (Ref. 11228). Indian Ocean: east coast of Africa and Madagascar to Arabia, India and the Malay Peninsula.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 15.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2135)
Inhabits coastal waters (Ref. 5213). Plentiful in tidal estuaries (Ref. 2135). Stomach contents of specimens collected from Iraq composed mainly of mollusks, sponges and tunicates (Ref. 97537). Large shoals of juveniles occur around shallow water reefs where they consume shrimps and other small invertebrates, being themselves eaten by larger fish; larger specimens are found in deeper water where they spawn throughout the year. Used extensively for bait, flesh rather insipid (Ref. 2799).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Roux, C., 1986. Pomadasyidae. p. 327-330. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 2135)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; bait: usually
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.8 - 28.6, mean 27 °C (based on 176 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00735 - 0.02977), b=2.98 (2.82 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.14 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 42.5 [19.6, 88.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.763 [0.394, 1.385] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.9, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.227 [0.102, 0.478] g/100g ; Selenium = 38.2 [18.0, 82.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 53.8 [15.3, 190.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.56 [0.90, 2.52] mg/100g (wet weight);