Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
Etymology: Symphodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Jordan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 2 - 40 m (Ref. 4742). Subtropical; 46°N - 30°N, 6°W - 36°E
Mediterranean Sea and Marmara Sea: Except Golfe du Lion.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4742)
Adults inhabit eel-grass beds (Ref. 4742). Feed on bryozoans, worms, small mollusks, and amphipods (Ref. 4742). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Males build dish shaped nests and guard the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Males build dish shaped nests and guard the eggs (Ref. 205).
Quignard, J.-P. and A. Pras, 1986. Labridae. p. 919-942. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4742)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 16.5 - 21.6, mean 19.3 °C (based on 98 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00695 - 0.01730), b=3.06 (2.93 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.43 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 238 [112, 507] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.76 [0.97, 3.23] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [15.8, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.449 [0.252, 0.778] g/100g ; Selenium = 23 [11, 48] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 24.5 [8.3, 87.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.43 [0.92, 2.73] mg/100g (wet weight);