Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Opistognathidae
Etymology: Opistognathus: Greek, opisthe = behind + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335); nothus: From the Latin 'nothus' meaning false or counterfeit, alludes to the erroneous initial belief that the female holotype was the sexually dimorphic counterpart of O. melachasme males; noun in apposition (Ref. 26893)
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 92 - 100 m (Ref. 26893), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Western Central Atlantic: off North Carolina (USA), Gulf of Mexico, and Cuba.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26893)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 13;
Vertebrae: 28. Anterior nostril a short tube without cirrus on posterior rim; posterior end of maxilla rigid, not produced as a thin flexible lamina; coronoid process of articular hatchet-shaped with dorsal margin straight; vomer edentate; inner lining of maxilla and adjacent membranes with conspicuous black stripe; spinous dorsal fin without an ocellus; segmented dorsal and anal fin rays 14 and 13 respectively; caudal vertebrae 18 (Ref. 26893).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1997. Five new species of jawfishes (Opistognathus: Opistognathidae) from the western Atlantic ocean. Bull. Mar. Sci. 60(3):1074-1128. (Ref. 26893)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.5 - 25.8, mean 23.2 °C (based on 5 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .