Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Arhynchobatidae
Etymology: Atlantoraja: Greek, atlantes = havin the strenght of Atlas, the god that supported the pillar s of the universe in the Greek mithology + Latin, raja = ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 19 - 181 m (Ref. 57911), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 20°S - 40°S, 60°W - 40°W (Ref. 57911)
Southeast Atlantic: Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 72.0, range 68 - ? cm
Max length : 81.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 104689); common length : 27.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 26408)
Type specimen taken from a depth of about 24 m (Ref. 26282). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205). Feeds on fishes, crustaceans and cephalopods (Ref. 57911).
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205).
McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.2 - 21.7, mean 18.3 °C (based on 45 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00273 - 0.01106), b=3.10 (2.93 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.58 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .