Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river. More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 48 m (Ref. 10685). Tropical
Western Pacific: Indonesia, New Guinea and the Philippines. Record from Seychelles (Ref. 10685) is a misidentification of Parupeneus heptacanthus.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450)
soft rays: 7;
Vertebrae: 24. Diagnosis: Pectoral rays 15 (rarely 16). Gill rakers 6-7 + 20-22 (total 26-29). Body depth 3.6-4.2 in SL; head length (HL) 2.85-3.1 in SL; snout short, its length 1.85-2.3 in HL; barbel length 1.351.5 in HL; posterior end of maxilla evenly convex; longest dorsal spine 1.65-2.0 in HL; penultimate dorsal ray 1.05-1.15 in length of last dorsal ray; pectoral-fin length 1.45-1.65 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.5-1.7 in HL. Body pink with no dark spot on side of body; barbels are white (Ref. 54393).
Apparently occurs at least at moderate depths (Ref. 54393). A poorly known species; no habitat information and no recent sightings (Ref. 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 2004. Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (36):64 p. (Ref. 54393)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.7 - 28.4, mean 27.5 °C (based on 31 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .