Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Coris: Greek, kore, -es = pupil and also with themenaing of "maid" (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bennett.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 50 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; - 30°S
Indian Ocean: Red Sea and along the southern Arabian Peninsula south to Zanzibar and South Africa (30°S) and east to the Laccadive Archipelago, Chagos Archipelago, Maldives, Sri Lanka, and the Similan Islands, eastern Andaman Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11441)
Inhabits exposed outer reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs, in areas of mixed sand, coral and rubble (Ref. 9710). Juveniles occur in small tide pools, exposed reef flats with algae-rubble. Generally solitary (Ref. 5213). Feeds mainly on hard-shelled prey, including crustaceans, mollusks and sea urchins (Ref. 5374). Turns over rocks to prey on hiding invertebrates (Ref. 11441). Young look very different (Ref. 1623).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 1999. Revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fishes of the genus Coris, with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (29):74 p. (Ref. 33411)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.3 - 29.3, mean 27.9 °C (based on 466 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00468 - 0.02039), b=3.06 (2.89 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 41.3 [4.2, 109.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.573 [0.341, 0.953] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [15.9, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.125 [0.064, 0.250] g/100g ; Selenium = 35.3 [14.7, 99.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 85.2 [30.0, 259.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.91 [0.90, 3.45] mg/100g (wet weight);