Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae
(Righteye flounders) > Atheresthinae
Etymology: Atheresthes: Greek, atheres = spike + The name of Astyanax, Hector´s son in the Greek mithology (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Jordan & Starks.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 20 - 1200 m (Ref. 50550). Temperate; 66°N - 35°N, 130°E - 153°W (Ref. 6793)
North Pacific: Sea of Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk north to the Anadyr Gulf, through the eastern Bering Sea to the Aleutian Islands and the Shelikof Strait in Alaska.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559); common length : 54.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56527); max. published weight: 8.5 kg (Ref. 56527); max. reported age: 33 years (Ref. 55701)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Vinnikov, K.A., R.C. Thomson and T.A. Munroe, 2018. Revised classification of the righteye flounders (Teleostei: Pleuronectidae) based on multilocus phylogeny with complete taxon sampling. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 125:147-162. (Ref. 122998)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 0.7 - 5.4, mean 1.7 °C (based on 287 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00558 - 0.01031), b=3.04 (2.95 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 13.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tm>4; tmax=33).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (64 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 18.1 [9.1, 36.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.221 [0.132, 0.387] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [16.1, 18.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.385 [0.190, 0.760] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.7 [10.2, 44.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.3 [3.4, 52.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.305 [0.200, 0.472] mg/100g (wet weight);