Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Trematocara: Greek, trematos = hole + Greek, kara = head, face (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range 10 - 60 m (Ref. 27631). Tropical
Africa: endemic to Lake Tanganyika, known from the rocky coast in the northwestern part of the lake; resticted and local distribution (Ref. 27631).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27631)
Occurs in the sublittoral and benthic zone of rocky shores; caught between 10 and 60 m deep; remnants of shrimps found in stomach; indications of movements from deep to shallow water during the night to feed or avoid predation (Ref. 27631).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
De Vos, L., M. Nshombo and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde, 1996. Trematocara zebra (Perciformes; Cichlidae), nouvelle espèce du nord-ouest du lac Tanganyika (Zaïre). Belg. J. Zool. 126(1):3-20. (Ref. 27631)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .