Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 250 m (Ref. 58302). Tropical
Eastern Central Pacific: Johnston Island (Ref. 11013) and Hawaii.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4858)
(total): 13 - 14;
soft rays: 17 - 20. Body is generally yellow or white with vertical rows of spots on the sides. A broad black bar runs vertically through eye from edge of sub opercle, and a black spot is on the caudal peduncle.
Inhabit shallow reef flats (Ref. 205). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Form schools at midwater to feed on plankton and benthic invertebrates. Also on shallow seamounts. Oviparous. Form pairs during breeding (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Jordan, D.S. and B.W. Evermann, 1973. The shore fishes of Hawaii. Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland, Vermont. 392 p. (Ref. 2826)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.3 - 21.7, mean 19.2 °C (based on 10 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02818 (0.01512 - 0.05254), b=3.04 (2.88 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 1.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.13).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .