Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Pomadasys: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, dasys = with hair (Ref. 45335). More on author: Lacepède.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 49 m (Ref. 122701). Tropical; 30°N - 35°S
Western Indian Ocean: northwest coast of India to southern Oman, south to South Africa, Seychelles, and Madagascar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 38.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2799)
Found in coastal waters, estuaries, and tidal fissures; can tolerate freshwater. It can jet a stream of water into the mud to expose crustaceans, worms and small bivalves which it feeds on (Ref. 11441); including fish (Ref. 5213). Tasty food fish (Ref. 2799). Maximum depth range from Ref. 122702.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Smith, M.M. and R.J. McKay, 1986. Haemulidae. p. 564-571. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 2799)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22 - 27.9, mean 26.8 °C (based on 146 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01905 (0.01228 - 0.02957), b=2.95 (2.82 - 3.08), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 5.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.07-0.42).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 47.8 [24.4, 94.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.8 [0.4, 1.4] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [16.6, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.248 [0.113, 0.513] g/100g ; Selenium = 48.1 [21.3, 102.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 35.9 [11.2, 111.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.25 [0.74, 1.94] mg/100g (wet weight);