Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stephanoberyciformes
(Pricklefishes, bigscales and gibberfishes) > Melamphaidae
(Bigscale fishes or ridgeheads)
Etymology: Poromitra: Greek, poros = porous + Greek, mitra = stripe, belt (Ref. 45335); crassiceps: Named crassiceps for its thick head (Ref. 6885). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 164 - 2730 m (Ref. 83717), usually 750 - 2730 m (Ref. 83717). Deep-water
Distribution needs to be defined. Formerly assigned as senior synonym of eight nominal species: P. atlantica, P. coronata, P. cristiceps, P. frontosa, P. nigriceps, P. nigrofulva, P. rugosa, P. unicornis (Ref. 83717).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 9 - 15.6 cm
Max length : 14.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54657); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 54657)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9 - 10;
Vertebrae: 27 - 29. This species is distinguished by the following characters: spinulated (without gap) posterior and lower edges of praeoperculum; insertion of ventral fins behind the vertical of posterior edge of pectoral fin insertion; upper jaw extends beyond the vertical of posterior eye edge; soft rays in dorsal fin 12-13, in anal fin 9-10; rakers at first gill arch 28-30; vertebrae 27-29; pyloric caeca 6 (Ref. 83717).
Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 36655). There is significant morphological variation between populations (Ref. 4241).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kotlyar, A.N., 2008. Revision of the genus Poromitra (Melamphaidae): Part 1. Species of group P. crassiceps. J. Ichthyol. 48(7):479-492. (Ref. 83717)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1.7 - 6.3, mean 3.2 °C (based on 2535 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00381 - 0.02627), b=3.04 (2.82 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 10.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=8.5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .