Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 20 - 311 m (Ref. 4510). Tropical; 21°N - 17°S, 26°W - 14°E
Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Angola, including Cape Verde. Scorpaena angolensis reported from Angola by most or all authors other than Eschmeyer (Ref. 7365) may be a separate species. This needs further investigation.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2683); common length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4510)
Found on sand or mud bottom (Ref. 4510) of coastal waters (Ref. 2683).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N. and L.J. Dempster, 1990. Scorpaenidae. p. 665-679. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4510)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.1 - 19.9, mean 16.6 °C (based on 44 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00629 - 0.02763), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 198 [99, 435] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.835 [0.398, 1.626] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [16.5, 19.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.38 [0.17, 1.06] g/100g ; Selenium = 63.9 [29.7, 154.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 36.3 [13.4, 100.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.18 [0.81, 1.75] mg/100g (wet weight);