Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Neobythitinae
Etymology: Spottobrotula: Composed from "spotted cuskeel" + Latin, brotula, -ae = little, bud, shoot (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Cohen & Nielsen.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 52 - 90 m (Ref. 34024). Tropical
Western Pacific: Philippines and western Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2687)
soft rays: 71 - 73;
Vertebrae: 51 - 52. Ontogenetic change in color pattern occurs; small individuals with horizontal bands on body; bands assuming a vermiculate pattern on medium-sized fishes; becoming blotched or slightly vermiculate in large specimens. 3-4 developed gill rakers. Small body scales arranged in 130-145 regular rows along the side; base of pectorals with scales, none on bases of vertical fins. Dense, small, fleshy papillae on lips. Supraorbital pores 2; suborbital 5 ?; lateral 1; preoperculomandibular 8; temporal 1. Pyloric caeca numerous, about 45.
A benthic species found on the continental shelf and slope (Ref. 75154). Uncommon species (Ref. 34024). Reproductive strategy possibly similar to other members of this family featuring oviparity, with oval pelagic eggs floating in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 34024)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.4 - 28.2, mean 26.8 (based on 93 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00163 - 0.01066), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .