Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenesocidae
Etymology: Cynoponticus: Greek, kyon = dog + Ponticus, Ponto, Latin = the Black sea.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 100 m (Ref. 2683), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 42°N - 13°S, 18°W - 17°E
Eastern Atlantic: Gibraltar to Angola, including western Mediterranean.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4453); common length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999)
Found on the shelf on sand and muddy bottoms (Ref. 2683). Larger individuals caught mainly in 75-100 m depth (Ref. 26999). Carnivorous.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, D.G., 1990. Congridae. p. 156-167. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4453)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 19.2 - 27.9, mean 25.7 °C (based on 94 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00132 (0.00055 - 0.00315), b=2.93 (2.73 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (77 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 46.6 [26.8, 87.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.84 [0.53, 1.35] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.9 [17.8, 22.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.269 [0.127, 0.704] g/100g ; Selenium = 59.8 [31.6, 121.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 4.06 [1.12, 13.84] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.567 [0.402, 0.808] mg/100g (wet weight);