Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Pseudogramma: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Randall & Baldwin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 45 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea, Gulf of Aqaba, Eilat (Israel) and Sinai Peninsula (Egypt). Also recorded from Indonesia (Ref. 90102).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.7 cm SL (female)
soft rays: 17 - 19;
Vertebrae: 26. Fresh specimen gray-brown with pale yellowish blotches. The pale blotches on the body not interconnected. Opercle without dark brown or black spot. Brown-edged pale stripe extending posteriorly from lower part of the eye across the cheek to edge of the opercle. No dermal flap or small tentacle dorsally on eye. Long tubular anterior nostril at front of snout; when laid back reaching posterior nostril; when bent forward reaching front of upper lip. One incomplete lateral line. Longitudinal scale series 52-53. Caudal peduncle depth 2.85-2.95 in head; length 5.05-5.3 in head.
Cryptic, inhabits crevices in 15-45 m (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and C.C. Baldwin, 1997. Revision of the serranid fishes of the subtribe Pseudogrammina, with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (26):56 p. (Ref. 27020)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.3 - 28.7, mean 26.5 °C (based on 132 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .