Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Latilidae
Etymology: Branchiostegus: Greek, brangchia = gills + Greek, stego = roof, to cover (Ref. 45335). More on author: Norman.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 50 - 300 m (Ref. 2683), usually 50 - 100 m (Ref. 7358). Tropical; 0°C - ; 34°N - 16°S
Eastern Atlantic: Casablanca, Morocco to Baia dos Tigres, Angola. Rare north of Dakar, Senegal.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7358); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2683); max. published weight: 1.5 kg (Ref. 27584)
Epibenthic. Has a marked seasonal availability. Most abundant from June to October at 50-100 m depth (Ref. 7358).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Dooley, J.K., 1978. Systematics and biology of the tilefishes (Perciformes: Branchiostegidae and Malacanthidae) with descriptions of two new species. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS Circ. No. 411:1-78. (Ref. 8991)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.6 - 20.8, mean 17.7 °C (based on 33 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00409 - 0.01614), b=3.07 (2.88 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 94.8 [55.5, 173.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.727 [0.448, 1.241] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [15.0, 19.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.175 [0.103, 0.297] g/100g ; Selenium = 77.3 [39.3, 144.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 28.1 [11.1, 71.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.907 [0.636, 1.296] mg/100g (wet weight);