Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Coregonus: Greek, kore = pupils of the eye + Greek, gonia = angle (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bloch.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; non-migratory; depth range 0 - ? m (Ref. 13813), usually 0 - 60 m (Ref. 13813). Temperate; 4°C - 15°C (Ref. 47057); 48°N - 47°N, 9°E - 10°E
Europe: Lake Constance (Switzerland, Germany and Austria).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 30 - 35 cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27368)
Lacustrine, pelagic, usually at 0-40 m during summer. Feeds on plankton and insects; preys on juvenile Perca fluviatilis in summer. Spawns at surface over deep water, off-shore. Spawns for the first time at 2-3 years and in first half of December, when temperature falls below 7?C. Males aggregate at surface and females ready to spawn come from deeper water to join these aggregations. Eggs sink to bottom and hatch in March. Larvae swim to surface and start to feed after 8 days (Ref. 59043). Also Ref. 13813, 47057.
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Kottelat, M., 1997. European freshwater fishes. Biologia 52, Suppl. 5:1-271. (Ref. 13696)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00195 - 0.01073), b=3.13 (2.92 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 7.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2-3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .