Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Scardinius: A range of lofty mountains, Scardus, forming the boundary between Moesia and Macedonia. More on author: Bonaparte.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate
Europe: Tyrrhenian basin from Magra to Garigliano drainages in Italy. Introduced in Lake Scanno (Pescara drainage, Italy), which is the only locality where it is known to survive. Also survived some time in Lake Massaciuccoli (Serchio drainage [north of Pisa], Italy) but the present status of this population is still unknown.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Distinguished from its congeners in Mediterranean basin by the combination of the following characters: 37-40 scales along lateral line; anal fin with 9-10½ branched rays; 12-14 gill rakers; body depth 31-36% SL; ventral head profile lacking conspicuous angle at articulation of lower jaw; and all fins dark grey (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits lakes and swamps in or near aquatic vegetation. Threatened due to proposed stocking of Scardinius hesperidicus and other cyprinids (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00367 - 0.01569), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .