Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Curimatidae
Etymology: Cyphocharax: Greek, kyphos = curved, humpback + Greek, charax = a marine fish without identification (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Steindachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 22°C - 29°C (Ref. 36880)
South America: Magdalena and Atrato River basins, rivers of Pacific versant of Panama, and southwestern Costa Rica.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 125980); max. published weight: 290.00 g (Ref. 125980)
soft rays: 9 - 10;
Vertebrae: 31 - 33. Differs from other Cyphocharax (except aspilos) by the absence of multiple series of longitudinal patterns of dark pigmentation on body, the absence of a large spot of pigmentation on the body, the absence of a large spot of pigmentation on the dorsal fin, the absence of a rotund spot or longitudinal stripe of dark pigmentation on the midlateral surface of the caudal peduncle, the number of lateral line scales, and the depth of caudal peduncle of 0.13-0.15 of SL (Ref. 11334).
Inhabits rivers or creeks of moderate current between 20 and 10 m elevation. Abundant in shallow waters over sand or mud bottoms where it feeds on detritus, diatoms and algae (Ref. 36880). Found in swamps or marshes and rivers (Ref. 26543). Feeds exclusively on detritus (Ref. 26543).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Vari, R.P., 1992. Systematics of the neotropical characiform genus Cyphocharax Fowler (Pisces, Ostariophysi). Smithson. Contrib. Zool. 529:137 p. (Ref. 11334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02512 (0.01585 - 0.03980), b=2.96 (2.83 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 2.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100).