Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Atherinopsidae
(Neotropical silversides) > Menidiinae
Etymology: Chirostoma: Greek, cheir = hand + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Jordan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 21°N - 19°N
North America: endemic to the Lerma River basin, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 42.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26550); max. published weight: 540.00 g (Ref. 26550)
Found in sand bottoms (Ref. 26550).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Anonymous, 1994. Atlas pesquero de México. Instituto Nacional de la Pesca. 234 p. (Ref. 26550)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00235 - 0.01172), b=3.10 (2.91 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 5.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.19-0.29).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100).