Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Lycodes: Greek, lykos = wolf + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 150 - 2604 m (Ref. 58018). Deep-water; 65°N - 36°S, 77°W - 19°E (Ref. 117245)
Western Atlantic: Davis Strait, off Newfoundland and Middle Atlantic Bight. Eastern Atlantic: Rockall Trough/ Bill Bailey Bank, off Mauritania and off southwestern Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6950)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 15-17. Body uniformly brown with dark fins. Head pores unreduced. Lateral line system with dorsolateral, a mediolateral and a ventral lateral line. Long tail, preanal 33.5-45.9% SL. Body scaled, including neck, fins and abdomen (Ref. 27255). Differs from sympatric species L. vahlii and L. esmarkii by its uniform coloration (vs. bars or marks present), lack of predorsal lateral line, smaller and fewer palatine teeth (3-5 vs. 8-22 and 5-13 respectively) and position of the last precaudal vertebrae in relation to dorsal fin (ray number 15-17 vs.18-19 and 19-20 respectively) (Ref. 36375).
Benthic; feeds on sponge remains, worms, molluscs, pycnogonids, crustaceans and brittle stars (Ref. 58426). Species forgotten in CLOFNAM (10007) and FNAM (4695).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Anderson, M.E., 1994. Systematics and osteology of the Zoarcidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. 60:120 p. (Ref. 11954)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.1 - 7.1, mean 4.1 (based on 329 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00129 (0.00054 - 0.00305), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (58 of 100) .