Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 10 - 30 m (Ref. 3607). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 9.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3607)
Found in coastal waters. Enters estuaries (Ref. 4833). Diet depend on size; small fish (<6.9 cm) eat small crustaceans including copepods, whereas larger fish (>7.0 cm) have a generalized diet of amphipods, polychaetes and detritus (Ref. 31455).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kimura, S., R. Kimura and K. Ikejima, 2008. Revision of the genus Nuchequula with descriptions of three new species (Perciformes: Leiognathidae). Ichthyol. Res. 55:22-42. (Ref. 74926)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29, mean 28 °C (based on 596 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00982 - 0.02443), b=2.97 (2.84 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 1.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.00-1.20).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .