Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangaria/misc
(Various families in series Carangaria) > Latidae
Etymology: Lates: Latin, lateo, latere = to be hidden.
More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 2059); 3°S - 9°S
Africa: widely distributed in Lake Tanganyika (Ref. 36901) and present in the Malagarasi River delta (Ref. 54847).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 51.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 93.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); max. published weight: 8.3 kg (Ref. 4699)
Caudal fin emarginate in juveniles.
Juveniles live in a specific inshore habitat until they reach 18 cm, thereafter it lives in the superficial pelagic zone; exclusively pelagic predator, feeding on clupeids and to a lesser extent on Luciolates; highly susceptible to intensive fishing (Ref. 2216). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Juveniles often found near river mouths, but not in the rivers (Ref. 36901). Also caught using handlines (Ref. 4967).
May breed in areas with plants (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Oviparous (Ref. 205).
Coulter, G.W., 1976. The biology of Lates species in Lake Tanganyika, and the status of the pelagic fishery for Lates species and Luciolates stapersii. J. Fish Biol. 9(3):235-259. (Ref. 2216)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5006 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00522 - 0.01830), b=3.01 (2.84 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.77 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 3.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3-5).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 163 [61, 396] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.37 [1.05, 10.31] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.8 [18.3, 21.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.377 [0.160, 0.851] g/100g ; Selenium = 99.4 [29.9, 278.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 35.3 [6.5, 202.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.39 [0.62, 6.48] mg/100g (wet weight);