Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Benthophilus: Greek, benthos = depth of the sea + Greek, phyle, that loves (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal. Temperate; 49°N - 36°N, 44°E - 55°E
Europe and Asia: Caspian Sea and the lower Volga.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2058)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6 - 8. Head flat, slightly depressed. Short and flat leathery barbel in chin, tubercles absent. Body color variable depending on habitat (Ref. 33724). Distinguished further from its congeners by the following characters: body covered with numerous, densely-set thorny granules; 3 dark blotches along midline of back and flank; head and back with dark dots, sometimes on dorsal, pectoral and caudal (Ref. 59043).
Prefers brackish and slightly saline zones in deltas and estuaries; in summer inhabits shallow coastal waters (0.5-20 m) and shallow deltas; in winter, moves to deeper areas (up to 60-70 m). Spawns after first winter. Feeds mostly on molluscs and crustaceans (Ref.59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Berg, L.S., 1965. Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. volume 3, 4th edition. Israel Program for Scientific Translations Ltd, Jerusalem. (Russian version published 1949). (Ref. 2058)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00274 - 0.02524), b=3.07 (2.82 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .