Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae
(Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Phallichthys: Greek, phallos = penis + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; pH range: 7.0 - ? ; dH range: ? - 12. Tropical; 20°C - 40°C (Ref. 26130)
Central America: Rio Sixaola, Costa Rica.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36880)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Body robust and of moderate depth. Males with long gonopodium, but not reaching base of tail. Each side with 4 (rarely 3 or 5) round or oval black blotches the size of the pupil (Ref. 36880).
Collected from two creeks with slow current and from a small stagnant puddle at 40 m elevation; at temperatures between 26-34°C. Swims in small aggregations among vegetation or in shallow waters. Feeds on diatoms, desmids and detritus (Ref. 36880). Observed to occur in 10 to 50 cm deep (Ref. 26130).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gestation period is 24 days. Gives birth to 5-20 young, rarely more.
Wischnath, L., 1993. Atlas of livebearers of the world. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., United States of America. 336 p. (Ref. 26130)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00299 - 0.01602), b=3.13 (2.94 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .