Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 21 m (Ref. 87125), usually ? - 15 m (Ref. 87125). Tropical
Eastern Central Pacific: Gulf of California to Colombia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11482)
(total): 6 - 7;
soft rays: 8 - 10. Distinguished by the following characters: head plump, more or less rounded, dorsoventrally compressed; mouth slightly oblique, forming an angle of about 20° to 25° with body axis; maxilla extending under middle to rear margin of eye, occasionally only to front of pupil; profile of snout steeply rounded in lateral view; interorbital narrow equal to or less than one-half eye length; gill-rakers on outer face of first arch short and slender; those on second and following arches shorter; mandibular frenum without lobes; anterior nostril a short tube, posterior nostril with a raised rim; most males with first, rarely second, first dorsal-fin spines filamentous, the first reaching to last first dorsal-fin spine base to second ray base of second dorsal fin, and occasionally to the ninth dorsal-fin ray base; scales absent (Ref. 87125).
Inhabits coral and rocky reefs (Ref. 11482). Mobile-invertebrate feeder (Ref. 57615). Picks ectoparasites from other fishes.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R. and D.R. Robertson, 1994. Fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 332 p. (Ref. 11482)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00434 - 0.01593), b=3.16 (3.00 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .