Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae
(Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Limia: Limia derived from the Latin 'limus' meaning mud, pertaining to the feeding habits of the fish, from Poey, 1854. Donald Taphorn, pers. comm. 22 Feb 2015.. More on author: Guichenot.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal; pH range: 7.5 - 8.2; dH range: 25 - 30; non-migratory. Tropical; 18°C - 24°C (Ref. 13371)
Central America: endemic to Cuba.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37198); 10.0 cm TL (female)
Blue-gray back, silvery sides and a white belly; scales edged with black producing a "fishnet" pattern on the sides; females with a yellow patch near the vent; male's dorsal fin and tail usually yellow-orange with blue black speckles; females with colorless fins and growing to more than double the size of males (Ref. 44091).
Inhabits streams, lakes, estuaries, coastal lagoons and mangrove swamps. Feeds on worms, crustaceans, insects and plant matter (Ref. 7020). Often found in the company of sailfin molly and mosquitofish (Ref. 4409).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Produces 20-50 young. Large females can produce >100 fry every 4-6 weeks (Ref. 44091).
Lee, D.S., S.P. Platania and G.H. Burgess, 1983. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes, 1983 supplement. Occasional Papers of the North Carolina Biological Survey no. 1983-6. North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, N.C. 67 p. (Ref. 13498)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00444 - 0.02253), b=3.11 (2.92 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.34 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=0.66).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .