Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae
(Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Alfaro: Taken from Anastasio Alfaro zoologist of the Natural Museum of Costa Rica. More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 12; non-migratory. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 30491)
Central America: Costa Rica, Panama and Nicaragua.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 50894); 8.0 cm (female)
Inhabits waters of low to moderate velocity, between 0 and 300 m elevation. Lives on creeks of more than 0.5 m deep, in ditches and near shorelines of large rivers. Generally swims in small groups at a depth of 20 cm. Insectivorous, the young eat mainly aquatic insects and the adults feed specifically on terrestrial insects (Ref. 36880). Found in a rapidly flowing rainforest stream (Ref. 26130).
Gestation lasts for about 24 days. Produces 10 to 30, rarely more, young. Reaches sexual maturity in about 5 or 6 months.
Rodriguez, C.M., 1997. Phylogenetic analysis of the tribe Poeciliini (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae). Copeia 1997(4):663-679. (Ref. 26855)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00444 - 0.02253), b=3.11 (2.92 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=0.5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .