Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Nemipteridae
(Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Nemipterus: Greek, nema, -atos = filament + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 12 - 70 m (Ref. 9785), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 15°N - 19°S, 93°E - 165°E (Ref. 3810)
Western Pacific: including the South China Sea, Strait of Malacca, southern coasts of Sumatra and Java, northern Australia, and the Gulf of Papua, to the Solomon Islands. This species has previously been confused with Nemipterus mesoprion.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3605); common length : 13.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3810)
soft rays: 7. Lower edge of eye lies above a line from tip of snout to upper base of pectoral fin; suborbital with straight lower margin and rounded posterior margin. Dorsal fin origin about 2-5 scale rows from imaginary line projected upwards from posterior edge of suborbital to dorsal profile. Caudal fin with the upper lobe produced into a short, reddish filament. In life, head with oblique yellow stripe from beneath eye to middle of upper jaw and another from anterior of eye to near tip of snout. Axillary scale present. Color: Upper body rosy, silvery below.
Found on sand or mud bottoms. Occurs in groups and feeds on small bottom-living animals. Regarded as a trash fish and used mainly for fish meal or animal feed.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Russell, B.C., 1991. Description of a new species of Nemipterus (Pisces: Perciformes; Nemipteridae) from the Western Pacific, with re-descriptions of Nemipterus marginatus (Valenciennes), N. mesoprion (Bleeker) and N. nematopus (Bleeker). J. Nat. Hist. 25:1379-1389. (Ref. 3207)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.3 - 29.1, mean 28.5 °C (based on 692 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00938 - 0.02333), b=2.97 (2.84 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.63).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 447 [140, 1,307] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.19 [0.44, 3.68] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [16, 19] % ; Omega3 = 0.296 [0.144, 0.625] g/100g ; Selenium = 40.7 [11.8, 117.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 7.43 [1.88, 47.29] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.05 [0.55, 3.24] mg/100g (wet weight);