Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Nemipteridae
(Threadfin breams, Whiptail breams)
Etymology: Nemipterus: Greek, nema, -atos = filament + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335). More on author: Snyder.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 35 - 300 m (Ref. 9785). Tropical; 34°N - 23°S, 90°E - 141°E (Ref. 3810)
Western Pacific: southern Japan to Indonesia and northwestern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 108763); common length : 16.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3810)
soft rays: 7. Suborbital spine absent. Preopercle with 3 transverse scale rows. Pectoral fins long, reaching almost to level of origin of anal fin. Pelvic fins moderately long, reaching beyond anus. A line drawn upwards from the posterior edge of suborbital reaching the dorsal profile in front of origin of dorsal fin. Upper lobe of caudal fin falcate and yellow, usually ribbon-like in adults. Axillary scale present. Color: Upper body pinkish, silvery below.
Found on sand or mud bottoms. Abundant in depths between 45 and 90 m, but larger fish generally occur in depths greater than 110 m. Larger fish feed mainly on crustaceans, fish and cephalopods. Young fish (< 12 cm) eat copepods, ostracods and amphipods.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
This species is a rudimentary hermaphrodite, in which males have functional testes but also with rudimentary ovarian portions that remain throughout their life.
Russell, B.C., 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 12. Nemipterid fishes of the world. (Threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(12):149p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 3810)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.2 - 27.8, mean 23.9 °C (based on 515 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.01164 - 0.01795), b=2.94 (2.90 - 2.98), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.55 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=8-10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .